There is one difference from the Biblical kosher laws which is the Quran allows for the eating of camel which was for a desert people of Arabia that had no other food available. The Biblical food laws are found in Leviticus 11. Eat what is lawful must conform to the Torah and the Gospel.
Surah 2:168,172, “O mankind! Eat that which is lawful and good on the earth, and follow not the footsteps of Satan. Verily, he is to you an open enemy….Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you with, and be grateful to God, if it is indeed He Whom you worship.”
The laws of clean and unclean animals have always existed since animal sacrifices given to YHVH were always “clean” animals. Noah knew the distinction between “clean” and “unclean” animals (Genesis 7:2). Additional “rabbinical” laws were condemned by Mohammed, not the Biblical clean and unclean laws. These existed for Israel before the Law was given on Mount Sinai and they were expected to follow them.
Surah 3:93, “All food was lawful to the Children of Israel, except what Israel made unlawful for himself before the Torah was revealed. Say O Muhammed, “Bring here the Torah and recite it, if you are truthful.”
The Quran specifically forbids food from dead animals (without slaughtering), blood, the flesh of swine, food without a blessing, clean animals offered as a sacrifice to foreign gods or idols, animals strangled and animals receiving a blow a violent blow (Surah 5:3).
The Quran permit’s the eating of unclean food in the case of severe starvation -- this is also a ruling of Rabbi’s where pork may be eaten to save human life. Surah 5:3, “But as for him who is forced by severe hunger, with no inclination to sin (such can eat these above mentioned meats,) then, surely, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
The eating of camel is permissible in the Quran, falls under this category, it is allowed to save “human life” but where alternatives exist people must strive to follow God’s commandments in the Torah.
Christians will be aware of the ruling in Acts 15:20, “but that we write to them to abstain from things polluted to idols, from sexual immorality, from things strangled, and from blood.” The Torah reminds us, “This shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwellings: you shall eat neither fat nor blood.” (Leviticus 3:17) -- these items usually ended up as offerings on the altar in the Temple (Leviticus 4:5-7,35).
The Torah forbade blood, fat, pork, consuming animals that died of natural death, eating animals with torn limbs and strangled animals (Lev 3:17; 7:23-27; 11:7; Deut 14:21; Deut 12:23; Acts 15:20). These laws are the same as the ones in the Quran.