1. Quran Upholds the Torah and Gospel
The Quran claims to be a "commentary on the Bible" without superseding its authority confirming the existing scriptures. The Quran agrees with the Torah and Gospel. The Quran upholds obeying and seeking the knowledge of the Torah for believers (see particularly Surah 5:43).
Surah 2:89, "And when there came to them, a book, Quran from God confirming what is with them (Torah) and the (Gospel)".
Surah 2:97, "This Quran...confirming what came before it Torah (Taurat) and the Gospel (Injeel) and guidance and glad tidings for the believers."
Surah 5:43, "But how do they come to you for decision while they have the Torah, in which is the plain decision of God, yet even after that, they turn away. For they are not really believers."
Surah 5:46, "And in their footsteps, "We sent Jesus (Isa), son of Miriam (Mary), confirming the Torah that had come down before him, and We gave Him the Gospel (Injeel)in which is guidance and light and confirmation of the Torah (Taurat) that had come before it, a guidance and an admonition for the godly (or pious)."
Surah 5:66, "And if only they had acted according to the Torah, and Gospel, and what has now been sent down to them from their Lord (the Quran)."
Surah 5:68, "O People of Scripture! You have nothing (as regards guidance) till you act according to the Torah, the Gospel, and what has now been sent down to you from your Lord (the Quran)."
Surah 7:171, "Hold firmly to what We have given you the Torah, and remember that which is therein (act on its commandments), so that you may fear God and obey Him."
Surah 10:37, "And this Quran is not such as could ever be produced by other than God (Lord of the Heavens and the Earth), but it is a confirmation of the (the revelation) which was before it (the Torah) and the (Gospel) and a full explanation of the Book wherein there is no doubt from the Lord of mankind."
Surah 12:111, "It the Quran is not a forged document but a confirmation of God's existing books which were before it (The Torah) and (The Gospel) and other scriptures of God and a detailed explanation of everything and a guide and a Mercy for the people who believe."
2. Jesus is the Messiah
Surah 5:17, "...Who then has the lest power against God, if He were to destroy the Messiah, son of Mary, his mother and those who are on the earth together?"
3. Crucifixion of Christ
Islamic scholar, Gabriel Sawma, in the article, The Death and Crucifixion of Jesus in the Quran correctly translates Surah 4:157 which confirms the crucifixion of Christ on the cross.
Surah 4:157, "And they say we did kill the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, the Messenger of God, what they slew and what they crucified, and to you (the women who followed Jesus at the crucifixion) he is blessed and to them (his followers) as well."
4. Resurrection of Jesus
The Quran confirms Jesus' resurrection and is in the heavens.
Surah 4:158, "But God raised him Jesus (Isa) up with his body and soul unto Himself and he is in the heavens. And God is Ever All Powerful, All Wise."
5. Return of Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ returns and gathers Israel out of a mixed multitude of nations on the Day of Resurrection - confirming the lost ten tribes of Israel, and the captivity prior to Christ's return.
Surah 17:104, "And We said to the Children of Israel after him: "Dwell in the land, then, when the final and the last promise comes near (Day of Resurrection or the descent of Christ (Isa), Jesus, son of Mary on the earth), We shall bring you altogether as a mixed crowd (gathered out of various nations).
Surah 43:61, "And he Jesus, son of Mary, shall be a known sign for (the coming of) the Hour (Day of Resurrection (ie Jesus) descent on the earth). Therefore have no doubt concerning it (the Day of Resurrection). And follow God (ie be obedient to God and do what He orders you to do, O mankind)!"
6. Sirius - God's Star
The ancient pagans used to worship Sirius, the dog star, but this is attributed to be God's star in the heavens.
Surah 53:49, "And that He (God) is the Lord of Sirius (the star which the pagan Arabs used in worship)."
7. Seven Heavens
The Bible speaks of Paul going into the third heaven (2 Cor 12:4), but in fact there are seven heavens. The book of Enoch and Quran and Jewish Kabbalah, all confirm the existence of seven heavens. God's throne is in the seventh heaven according to the Quran. In Surah 58:7, God is their fourth, maybe a reference to the Temple (which according to the Jewish Kabbalah is in the fourth heaven presided by Archangel Michael) -- but God's Throne is in the Seventh Heaven.
Surah 17:44, "The seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein, glorify Him, and there is not a thing but glories His praise. But you understand not their glorification. Truly, He is Ever Forbearing, Oft Forgiving."
Surah 23:17, "And indeed We have created above you seven heavens (one over the other), and We are never unaware of the creation."
Surah 58:7, "Have you not seen that God knows whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth? There is no secret of three but He is their fourth (with His Knowledge, while He Himself is over the Throne, over the seventh heaven), nor of five but He is their sixth (with His Knowledge), nor of less than that or more but He is with them(with His Knowledge) wheresoever they may be. And afterwards on the Day of Resurrection He will inform them of what they did. Verily God is the All Knower of everything."
The Sabbath is a commandment enjoined upon the people of the Covenant, it is the fourth commandment in the Ten Commandments(Exodus 20:8) and is mentioned only four times in the Quran.
The Quran is a confirmation of the Torah and Gospel. To reject the message of the Quran is bring down the curse of the Sabbath breaker. God expects people to uphold the Sabbath, otherwise no curse would apply.
Surah 4:47, "O you who have been given the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Believe in what We have revealed (to Muhammad) confirming what is (already) with you, before We efface faces (by making them like the backs of necks; without nose, mouth, eyes) and turn them hindwards, or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers. And the Commandment of Allah (God) is always executed."
God gives a commandment to observe the Sabbath as a covenant. Allah made a covenant with Israel, so He must be the same god as Israel.
Surah 4:154, "And for their covenant, We raised over them the Mount and (on the other occasion) We said, "Enter the gate prostrating (or bowing) with humility," and We commanded them: "Transgress not (by doing worldly works), on the Sabbath (Saturday)." And We took from them a firm covenant."
God tests the Jews who refused to observe the Sabbath on Saturday. They were given fish only on the Sabbath to test their faith. A key verse that points to Allah as the God of Israel enjoining Sabbath worship on His followers.
Surah 7:163, "And ask them O Muhammad about the town that was by the sea; when they transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath (ie Saturday): when their fish came to them openly on the Sabbath day, and did not come to them on the day they had no Sabbath. Thus We made a trial of them for they used to rebel against Allah's (God) Command (disobey Allah-God)."
The punishment for Sabbath breaking only to be carried out for those who dispute its observance. No punishment for Sabbath breaking is to be carried out until the Day of Resurrection. There has to be a valid commandment for a punishment to exist.
Surah 16:124, "The Sabbath was only prescribed for those who differed concerning it, and verily, your Lord will judge between them on the Day or Resurrection about that wherein they used to differ."
9. Feast of Trumpets--Resurrection
Trumpets are blown on the Day of Resurrection and each one will be judged according to their deeds. The deeds are weighed on a scale. Faith and works is required for salvation (James 2:20). 1 Thess 4:16, "For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with a voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first." First and second resurrection are accompanied with the sound of a trumpet.
Surah 23:100-102, " So that I may do good in that which I have left behind!" No! It is but a word that he speaks; and behind the is a barrier until the Day they will be resurrected. Then, when the Trumpet is blown, there will be no kinship among them that Day, nor will they ask of one another. Then, those whose scales (of good deeds) are heavy, they are successful. And those whose scales (of good deeds) are light, they are those who lose their ownselves, in Hell will they abide."
10. King Solomon and Magic
The Testament of Solomon is a book written by Solomon before he sinned, when he asked for divine power from God, and was given the power to summon up demons (jinn in the Quran) and set them to work to build the Temple in Jerusalem. King Solomon was given a signet ring which had power to bind up the demons to do his will. There is nothing about using magic circles or any magical rituals except for a ring that was given to King Solomon. Magic is not permitted in Christianity and both the Jewish and Islamic positions on magic vary depending on scholarship. In some circumstances both Islam and Judaism believe magic can be studied but not practiced, but demonstrated or used to thwart evil magic. The Testament of Solomon can be downloaded here.
King Solomon practiced what we might consider magic but even he is found amongst the righteous in Paradise according to the Quran, but, it could be argued he used the "power" that came from God.
Surah 38:35, "He said, "My Lord! Forgive me, and bestow upon me a kingdom such as shall not belong to any other after me: Verily, You are the Bestower." So, We subjected to him the wind; it blew gently by his order whithersoever he willed, and also the Shayatin (devils) from the jinn (including) every kind of builder and diver, and also others bound in fetters." God said to Solomon: "This is Our gift: so spend you or withhold, no account will be asked (of you)." And verily for him is a near access to Us, and a good (final) return (Paradise)."
Surah 27:17, "And there were gathered before Solomon his hosts of jinn (demons) and men, and birds, and they all were set in battle order (marching forward)."
King Solomon lost his kingdom and repented (Surah 38:34). God gave Solomon power over the weather and control over the demons -- "no account will be asked of him" implies he acted righteously with the power he had and he will be in Paradise. "others he bound in fetters" - refers to The Testament of Solomon where King Solomon subjected the demons to building work around the Temple. King Solomon never lost his salvation.
King Solomon found the Queen of Sheba , a practicing witch, worshipping the sun (Surah 27:24) and she marvelled at the wisdom of Solomon (Luke 11:31).
The Testament of Solomon: "And among them also the queen of the south, being a witch, came in great concern and bowed low before me to the earth. And having heard my wisdom, she glorified the God of Israel, and she made formal trial of all my wisdom, of all the love in which I instructed her, according to the wisdom imparted to me. And all the sons of Israel glorified God. ... And the queen of the south saw all this, and marvelled, glorifying the God of Israel; and she beheld the Temple of the Lord being builded. And she gave a siklos1 of gold and one hundred myriads of silver and choice bronze, and she went into the Temple. And (she beheld) the altar of incense and the brazen supports (dvaq)opovs) of this altar, and the gems of the lamps flashing forth of different colours, and of the lamp-stand of stone, and of emerald, and hyacinth, and sapphire; and she beheld the vessels of gold, and silver, and bronze, and wood, and the folds of skins dyed red with madder. And she saw the bases of the pillars of the Temple of the Lord. All were of one gold ....2 apart from the demons whom I condemned to labour. And there was peace in the circle of my kingdom and over all the earth.
Surah 34:12, "And to Solomon (We subjected) the wind, its morning (stride from sunrise to midnoon) was a month's journey, and its afternoon (stride from the midday decline of the sun to sunset) was a month's journey (ie in one day he could travel two month's journey). And We caused a fount of (molten) brass to flow for him, and there were jinn (demons) that worked in front of him, by the Leave of his Lord. And whosoever of them turned aside from Our Command, We shall cause him to taste of the torment of the blazing Fire."
The Quran allows King Solomon to use the jinn for the service of the Temple (when compared with the Testament of Solomon) and the Leave of God permitted these things. But what about the magic which came down from Babylon? According to the Quran two angels came down to the city of Babylon and taught men magic.
Surah 2:102, "They followed what the Shayatin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Solomon. Solomon did not disbelieve, but the Shayatin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Harut and Marut, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, "We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us)." And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not harm anyone except by God's Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their own selves, if they but knew."
Few of the scholars see "falsely of the magic". If there is false magic is there true magic? The false magic causes "separation between husband and wife" and "sells oneself". This is black magick that destroys free will and violates the Commandments of God. This is also a reference to "blood pacts" between humans and demons which exists in black magick, the Quran, interprets this as selling one's soul and loosing salvation. The power of God was given to King Solomon to rule over the demons and this was permissible by God's authority. The Bible describes people burning magic books once confronted with the power of the Holy Spirit (Acts 19:19). Yet Enoch was called up into the heavens and was shown the mysteries of God in the heavens (download The Book of Enoch for more information). We have to rely on God's holy spirit as a means of empowerment.