Be Monkeys and Be Despised
Those who break the Sabbath have the curse pronounced on them and follow idols. They make a monkey out of God’s Law. The commandment for Sabbath obedience must still be in effect for the “curse” to be pronounced on the succeeding generations.
Surah 2:65, “And indeed you knew those amongst you who transgressed in the manner of the Sabbath (ie Saturday). We said to them: “Be you monkeys, despised and rejected. So made this punishment an example to their own and to succeeding generations and a lesson to those who are the believers.”
Curse of the Sabbath Breakers
Quran is a confirmation of the Torah and Gospel. To reject the message of the Quran is bring down the curse of the Sabbath breaker. God expects people to uphold the Sabbath, otherwise no curse would apply.
Surah 4:47, "O you who have been given the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Believe in what We have revealed (to Muhammad) confirming what is (already) with you, before We efface faces (by making them like the backs of necks; without nose, mouth, eyes) and turn them hindwards, or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers. And the Commandment of Allah (God) is always executed."
Sabbath, a Covenant
God gives a commandment to observe the Sabbath as a covenant. Allah made a covenant with Israel, so He must be the same god as Israel.
Surah 4:154, "And for their covenant, We raised over them the Mount and (on the other occasion) We said, "Enter the gate prostrating (or bowing) with humility," and We commanded them: "Transgress not (by doing worldly works), on the Sabbath (Saturday)." And We took from them a firm covenant."
Sabbath, a Test Commandment
God tests the Jews who refused to observe the Sabbath on Saturday. They were given fish only on the Sabbath to test their faith. A key verse that points to Allah as the God of Israel enjoining Sabbath worship on His followers.
Surah 7:163, "And ask them O Muhammad about the town that was by the sea; when they transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath (ie Saturday): when their fish came to them openly on the Sabbath day, and did not come to them on the day they had no Sabbath. Thus We made a trial of them for they used to rebel against Allah's (God) Command (disobey Allah-God)."
Punishment for Sabbath Disobedience
The punishment for Sabbath breaking only to be carried out for those who dispute its observance. No punishment for Sabbath breaking is to be carried out until the Day of Resurrection. There has to be a valid commandment for a punishment to exist. Refusing to obey the Sabbath places the individual in the Second Resurrection (Rev 20:11-15) and be called “least” in the Kingdom of heaven (Matt 5:19).
Surah 16:124, "The Sabbath was only prescribed for those who differed concerning it, and verily, your Lord will judge between them on the Day or Resurrection about that wherein they used to differ."
Those who refuse to obey the Sabbath (ie Saturday) will receive the curse of the Sabbath breakers and fall into judgment on the Day of Judgement. They are placed in the Second Resurrection, known as the Great White Throne Judgement. Those who honour and obey God’s commandments, called the Torah, are placed in the First Resurrection (Rev 20:4-6).
The Quran upholds the validity of Israel’s Sabbath for believers. Jesus regarded as a prophet by most Muslims, upheld the Torah and expected His followers to keep it (Matt 5:19). Ironically, the Sabbath in Islam has been replaced by Friday prayers, and in Christianity replaced by Sunday worship. A day of prayer is not the Biblical Sabbath nor is Sunday which was first forced on Christians by the Council of Laodicea in 360- 365 AD by Emperor Constantine.
God resides in the Seventh Heaven (Surah 58:7) and commanded His followers to observe the Seventh day Sabbath (Gen 2:1-3; Ex 20:8-11). Lucifer who rules in the First Heaven (our earthly home) enjoins worship on the First Day of the week. Those who observe the Sabbath day are following the God of the Seventh Heaven.
The Sabbath commandment was given by Allah for all of His followers not just for the Israelites. Those who refuse its obedience is like a donkey who carries the knowledge of the Torah in many books, but failing to understand them.
Surah 62:5, “The likeness of those who were entrusted with the (obligation of the) Torah (ie to obey its commandments and to practice its laws,) but who subsequently failed in those (obligations), is as the likeness of a donkey which carries huge burdens of books (but understands nothing from them). How bad is the example of people who deny the evidence of God. And God guides not the people who are the disbelievers