In it we are told they would twice become tyrants in the earth. God would punish them severely by arming their enemies.
Surah 17:4, "And We decreed for the Children of Israel in the Scripture, that indeed you would do mischief on the earth twice and you will become tyrants and extremely arrogant!"
The interesting aspect of this Surah is that its number equates to the number 48.
Israel would again be established officially in 1948.
People looking at this verse will know about the destruction of the Temple which happened twice. The first Temple destroyed by the nation of Babylon. The second Temple destroyed by the Romans. These are the two incidents alluded to in the verse.
Israel would always turn to tyranny. This seems to be locked in to the year, 1948. But the next tyrannical system to emerge out of Israel will be blamed on the seed of Esau or Rome. This is why the Quran does not blame Israel directly for the next reign of terror. Israel at that time is under captivity from the tribe of Esau. Of Esau, the Bible predicts:
Genesis 27:40: "And by your sword shall you live, and shall serve your brother; and it shall come to pass when you shall have the dominion, that you shall break his yoke from off your neck.The tyranny is coming from Esau or Rome. We can also know this because Islam is destined to destroy the city of Rome.
The book of Revelation 17 tells us of its impending demise and destruction but fails to answer the question as to who will be doing it. Speculation has been rife ever since.
Revelation 17:16, "The beast and the ten horns you saw will hate the prostitute. They will bring her to ruin and leave her naked; they will eat her flesh and burn her with fire."
The beast takes on an Islamic form which talks to the people about the Prophet Muhammed.
Sahih International: And when the word befalls them, We will bring forth for them a creature from the earth speaking to them, [saying] that the people were, of Our verses, not certain [in faith].
Muhsin Khan: And when the Word (of torment) is fulfilled against them, We shall bring out from the earth a beast to them, which will speak to them because mankind believed not with certainty in Our Ayat (Verses of the Quran and Prophet Muhammad SAW).
Pickthall: And when the word is fulfilled concerning them, We shall bring forth a beast of the earth to speak unto them because mankind had not faith in Our revelations.
The beast is a response to the "tyranny" coming out of Rome which she along with elements like to impose on the whole world. Islam begins to free humanity from this tyranny. The ten kings come out of Islam.
Islamic hadith is full of references of Islam eventually conquering the city of Rome and destroying it which comes after pacts and truces and many attempts to subdue her power. God will no doubt cause the technology of Rome to fail in those days.
In Romans Invasions & The Conquest of Constantinople & Rome we read the following:
Abu Umamah says that Messenger of Allah said: " There will be four Hudna (truces) between you and the Romans. The fourth (truce) will be mediated through a person who will be from the descendants of (Prophet) Aaron (or " from the descendants of Heracles "according to Nuaim bin Hammad) and will be upheld for seven years. The people asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, who will be the Imam of the people at the time? ' He said: '( Nuaim bin Hammad mentions 'The Mahdi ') He will be from my progeny and will be forty years of age. His face will be a shining star and he will have a small black spot on his right cheek. He will wear two Qutwaaniataan cloaks as if he is a man from the Israelites. He will reign for 20 years, extract the treasures, and conquer the cities of Shirk (Polytheism)." (Tabrani, Nuaim bin Hammad's Kitab Al-Fitan)
Abu Huraira narrated that Prophet Muhammad said: : "After the Romans oppress, a ruler from my descendants whose name matches mine gets appointed. They (Romans) will wage war against you at a place called Al-A'maaq . One-third of Muslims will be killed here. On the third day, the battle will turn against the Romans. The Muslims will continue fighting and will conquer Constantinople and seize all the treasures in it. At that moment, they will hear a voice saying :'The Dajjal has entered your homeland and taken your children captive'." (Al-Muttaqi Al-Hindi's book: Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-Zaman)
Yusayr bin Jabir said, "A red wind (or storm) erupted in the city of Kufa. Afterwards, a man came shouting and repeating the same words, 'O Abdullah bin Mas'ud! the Hour has come.' He (Yusayr) then said that he stood up after he was leaning (on his side) and said, " ' The Hour (of Resurrection) will not come until people will not be able to divide inheritance, nor rejoice over booty'. Pointing toward Al-Sham (Syria), he said: 'An enemy will gather forces against the Muslims, and the Muslims will gather forces against them.' A companion asked: 'Do you mean the Romans?' He said: 'Yes, and at that time, there will be fierce fighting. ...This will be a battle the like of which has never been seen, to the extent that even birds flying (above the battle field) will not pass without falling down dead. Out of a family of one hundred, only one man will survive. So, how could he rejoice over any war booty or divide any inheritance? While they are doing this, they will hear of an even bigger calamity: they will hear a scream amongst them that the Dajjal (Anti-Christ) has appeared among their families that they left behind. They will discard what they have in their hands and proceed. They will send ten horsemen as an expedition force. The Messenger of Allah said, 'I know their names and their fathers name and the colors of their horses. They will be the best horsemen on the face of Earth.' " (Sahih Muslim)
Awf bin Malik Al-Ashja'ee said that the Messenger of Allah during the Battle of Tabuk said to him: "....There will be Hudna (turce) between you and Bani Al-Asfar (refers to the Romans). Then, they will deceive you (break the truce) and will march against you under eighty banners and each banner will have ten thousand (soldiers)." (Bukhari, Ibn Majah)
Nafi' ibn Utbah said, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, "You will attack the Arabia Peninsula, and Allah will open it (meaning Allah will enable you to conquer it). Then you will attack Faris (Persia) and Allah will open (conquer) it. Then, you will attack the (the land of the) Romans and Allah will open (conquer) it. Then, you will attack the Dajjal (Anti-Christ), and Allah will open (conquer) him." (Sahih Muslim and Ibn Maja)
Abdullah ibn Amr ibn Al-'Aas that he said: "When the two old men rule: the old man of the Arabs, and the old man of the Romans, then at their hands will be the (beginning of) Malahim (Battles)." (Nuaim bin Hammad's Kitab al-Fitan)
Jewish Converts to Islam
We learn Rome falls by the hands of Jewish converts to Islam. Notice the following hadith.
Abu Hurairah reports that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: '' 'Have you heard of a city, a part of it protrudes into the sea?' They said 'Yes'. He said: 'The Hour (of Resurrection) shall not occur till seventy thousand (70,000) of the descendants of Prophet Isaac عليه السلام shall conquer it. When they come to it, they (descendants of Isaac who are Muslims) will not fight with arms, nor throw arrows. They will only say: 'There is no god but Allah, Allah is the greatest', then one of its sides will fall down. They will say for the second time: "There is no god but Allah, Allah is the greatest', and then another one of its sides will fall down. After that, they will say for the third time: 'There is no god but Allah and Allah is the greatest', and then it will be opened for them and they will enter (the city) and acquire booty. While they will be dividing the booty, a caller will come to them and shout: 'Verily Dajjal (Anti-Christ) has come out.' Then, they will leave everything and return." (Sahih Muslim, Suyuti, and Al-Albany )
Ka'b said: "Two branches of the Descendants of Israel (Israelites) will fight in the Big War ( the third war against the Romans) and they will support Islam and its people. Then Ka'b recited verse 104 of Sura 17 of the Quran: وَقُلْنَا مِنْ بَعْدِهِ لِبَنِي إسْرائيلَ اسْكُنُوا الأرضَ فَإِذَا جَاءَ وَعْدُ الآخِرَةِ جِئْناَ بِكُمْ لَفِيفاً [And we said thereafter to the Israelites: Dwell in the Land (of promise) but when the Promise of the End comes, We gather you as a mixed crowd.]. " (Nuaim bin Hammad's Kitab al-Fitan)
Rabi'a bin Al-Farisi said: "An army from you will go to Rome and conquer it. They will capture (in Rome) the jewlery of Jerusalem, the Arch of Covenant, Holy Grail, the staff (of Moses), the garment of Adam. A young man will be ordered to handle these things and he will return them to Jerusalem." (Nuaim bin Hammad's Kitab al-Fitan)
There will be four types of Muslims in those days. As we can see above a Jewish Islamic sect will emerge or a group of Jews will join Islam to help destroy Rome.
"... There will be four groups of Muslims: one group will be martyred, one group will flee, one group will join the enemy, and one group will have patience (meaning they keep on fighting the Romans). The Romans will get more tough on the Muslims. So, the Muslims' Caliph who is Yemeni from Quraish will be killed with three thousand Muslims, including 70 princes, each one is a commander of a battalion (or brigade) ... Muslims will give Bay'a to a new Caliph and he commands them to pray the morning prayer. So, Allah will see them and descend victory for them and ...Arch Angels Gabriel and Michael will descend with other angels (to help the Muslims)... Allah defeats the Romans..." (Nuaim bin Hammad's Kitab al-Fitan)